A series of declassified documents released by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) , reveals the uncertainties and struggles during the Nigeria-Biafra Civil War, 1967-1970. The Nigerian Civil War also known as the Biafra War was a three-year war led by Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu. The War which remains one of the bloodiest in Africa broke out as the southeastern states declared their secession from Nigeria and formed Biafra.
The United States CIA report called The President’s Daily Brief provides updates on the conditions of select countries around the world. Several of these Daily Briefs, during the Civil War era had updates on the activities in Nigeria and Biafra.
In a report On October 25, 1966, the United States warned of looming anarchy in Nigeria, which caused much concern in Britain.
The President’s Daily Brief, October 25, 1966:
The Presidential Daily Brief, July 10, 1967:
In another Brief on July 26, 1967, it revealed the Nigeria invasion of Biafra was underway with the capture of Biafra’s main seaport. The United States also alluded to fear of safety for US citizens.
The President’s Daily Brief, July, 26, 1967:
The Presidential Brief, September 19, 1967:
As the war proceeded, the Nigeria government was in desperate need of arms to fight the war. When the British approved arms sales, the Nigerian government sent a long list of supply (Presidential Brief, December 4, 1967).
More details from the CIA report to come…stay tuned.